Depresi pada Pasien dan Masyarakat Terhadap Kejadian Covid-19: Studi Literature

  • Nova Mardiana Nova Mardiana
  • Iyus Yosep Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung
  • Efri Widianti Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung
Keywords: Kata Kunci: covid-19, depression, mental illness, physicological effect


The Covid-19 pandemic is sweeping the world. The increase cases in countries infected of Covid-19 has resulted in the government making policies to prevent Covid-19, including the implementation of social and physical distancing which requires people to stay at home and health workers at the front line. This often causes flatness in various situations and conditions, such as people experiencing a decrease in sleep quality and accompanied by symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress. This study using the literature review method aims to produce a literature review on the relationship between depression in patients and the community with the incidence of Covid-19. The search databases used were Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed/NCBI, Elsevier and JHQ (Journal for Healthcare Quality) and Journals from the National Library of Indonesia (PNRI). The keywords used in the search are depression, mental illness, covid-19, physiological effects. 649 articles were identified, then the articles were selected according to the inclusion criteria set based on the PICOS (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcomes, Study design) method. The source of the article was clear, published in 2010 – 2020, then checked the feasibility of full text articles conducted on 50 articles. The final results obtained from the selection process are 10 articles that will be carried out in a literature review process. It can be concluded from the results of a literature review that there is still low research that examines the effect of progressive muscle relaxation related to symptoms of depression or other preventive measures to overcome depression in patients and the community during the Covid-19 pandemic.


Deblina Roy, e. a. (2020). Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian Journals of Phsciatry.
Fan Zhang, e. a. (2020). High risk of infection caused Posttraumatic Stress symptoms in individuals with poor sleep quality: A study on influence of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in China .
Han Xiao, e. a. (2020). Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in January 2020 in China. Journal of Medical Science.
Jianyin Qiu, e. a. (2020). A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations. Journal of General Phsyciatry.
Kai Liu a, Y. C. (2020). Effects of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality inpatients with COVID-19 . Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice .
Lu Yang, e. a. (2020). Analysis of psychological state and clinical psychological intervention model of patients with COVID-19 .
Nguyen, e. a. (2020). People with Suspected COVID-19 Symptoms WereMore Likely Depressed and Had Lower Health-Related Quality of Life: The Potential Benefit of Health Literacy. Journal of Clinical Medicine.
Wang C, e. a. (2020). Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
Xiangyu Kong, K. Z. (2020). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Depression and Anxiety of Hospitalized Patients with covid-19.
Zhao, Y. H. (2020). Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: a web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Research.
How to Cite
Mardiana, N., Yosep, I., & Widianti, E. (2021). Depresi pada Pasien dan Masyarakat Terhadap Kejadian Covid-19: Studi Literature. Journal Medika Cendikia, 8(2), 1-10.