Izin Praktek Keperawatan Mandiri Sebagai Pelaksana Fungsi Perawat Dalam Upaya Pelayanan Kesehatan Masyarakat Dihubungkan Dengan UU Kesehatan No. 36 Tahun 2009

  • Aceng Ali Awaludin STIKes Karsa Husada Garut
Keywords: Independent nursing practice, nurse function, act of healthy

Abstract

delegation of doctors to nurses chronically. As a result, could no separated region (gray area) that should be done by nurses and oppositely. This is one of the triggers of rejection or objection among doctors and nurses therein associated with the Act of Independent Nursing Practice (PKM). Therefore, the nursing paradigm must change that nursing is a professional service, not only to help the tasks of doctor, but to be a part of efforts to achieve the goals of medical care services in the form of license or independent nursing practice as an effort to achieve the goal of nursing care.  This research was conducted in order to determine the state of the nurses practice independently as well as a result of such practices, as well as to determine the boundaries of independent nurse practices in line with the practice of the doctor and not detrimental to the health of the other health profession   The research uses a qualitative method through inductive-descriptive approach to explain the phenomena occured, the relationship and influence between or against ones to the other phenomenon. The data analysis techniques used are credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability to obtain more objective data with a high degree of validity.  The research concluded, that the regulation of Independent Nursing Practice in Public Health Care Facilities or hospital, especially in Garut District, has implemented properly, including the owner of licensing SIP, SIK, and SIPP, and Professional Ethics Code so implementing the SOP as it should, and are willing to improve their professional capabilities and the quality of nursing in more conditions and situations. The nurses have the authority to perform nursing actions as complementary agents to replace the absence of a doctor or other medical personnel in certain emergency conditions, and have been able to implement the aspects of nursing management through the planning of health programs in their working area, as well as carry out nursing actions in accordance with their authority. In addition, supervision of the Independent Nursing Practice authority associated with Act No. 36/2009 about Health showed that nurses have authority independent practice mostly registered and obtained a license and the legality or the rule of law with the management objective according to the field. These are indicators of cooperation between nursing staff with other health professionals agents in order to improve public health status.

References

Ameln F. Kapita Selekta Hukum Kedokteran. Grafikatama Jaya. Jakarta. 1991.

Appelbaum. Paul Charles. Informed Consent Legal Theory and Clinical Practice. Oxford University Press. New York. 1987.

Aziz Alimul Hidayat. Pengantar Konsep Dasar Keperawatan. Salemba Medika. Jakarta. 2007.

Azwar A. Profesi Kedokteran. Tantangan dan Harapan. Ikatan Dokter Indonesia. Jakarta. 1991.

Barneveld. Pengantar dalam Pengetahuan Umum Asuransi. Bhratara Karya Aksara. Jakarta. 1980.

Bertens. Persfektif Etika. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 2001.

D mutiara Tata Negara Hukum. Pustaka Islam. Jakarta. 1999.

Dinas Kesehatan. Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Garut Tahun 2013. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Garut. 2013.

Djoko Prakoso, Bambang Riyadi. Dasar Hukum Persetujuan Tertentu di Indonesia. Bina Aksara. Jakarta. 1987.

Effendi, Ferry dan Makhfudli. Keperawatan Kesehatan Komunitas : Teori dan Praktek dalam Keperawatan. Penerbit Salemba Medika. Jakarta. 2009.

Gunawan. Memahami Etika Kedokteran. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 1992

Guwandi J. Dokter dan Hukum. Monella. Jakarta. 1988.

Hans Kelsen. Pure Theory of Law. University of Press. Los Angeles. 1967.

Helm Ann. Malpraktek Keperawatan Menghindari Masalah Hukum. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Hendrik. Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Julianus Ake. Malpraktek Dalam Keperawatan. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Kaihatu. Asuransi Pengangkutan. Djambatan. Jakarta. 1980.

Koeswadi Hermein Hadiati. Hukum dan Masalah Medik. Airlangga University Press. Surabaya. 1994.

Kusnanto. Pengantar Profesi dan Praktik Keperawatan Profesional. EGC : Jakarta. 2008.

Leibo. Bunga Rampai Hukum dan Profesi Kedokteran dalam Masyarakat Indonesia. Liberty. Yogyakarta. 1986.

M Jusuf Hanafiah dan Amri Amir. Etika Kedokteran dan Hukum Kesehatan. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Mashudi. Moch Chidir. Ali. Hukum Asuransi. Mandar Maju. Bandung. 1998.

Mimin Emi Suhaemi. Etika Keperawatan dan Aplikasi Pada Praktek. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Moehadjir, N.H. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Edisi IV. Penerbit Rake Sarasin. Yogyakarta. 2002.

Moleong, L.J. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Penerbit Remadja Rosda Karya. Bandung. 2002.

Muhamad Tahir Azhari. Negara Hukum, Suatu Studi Tentang Prinsip-prinsipnya dilihat dari segi Hukum Islam. Bulan Bintang. Jakarta. 1992.

Munir Fuadi. Teori Negara Hukum Modern (Rechstaat). PT Reflika Aditama. Bandung. 2009.

Nazir, Moh. Metode Penelitian. Cetakan Ketujuh. Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia. Jakarta. 2011.

Padmo Wahyono. Membudayakan Undang-undang Dasar 1945. Ind Hild-co. Jakarta. 1991.

Perry and Potter. 2008. Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan, Konsep, Praktek dan Teori. EGC. Jakarta.

Picard, Ellen. Legal Liability of Doctor and Hospital in Canada. Carswell Legal Publications. 1984.

Poedjosoebroto. Beberapa Aspek tentang Hukum Pertanggungan Jiwa di Indonesia. Karya Aksara. Jakarta. 1980.

RPJMD Pemkab Garut. Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah (RPJMD) Kabupaten Garut 2014-2019. Perda Kabupaten Garut No. 3 Tahun 2014 tanggal 2 Juli 2014. Reg. Perda Kabupaten Garut pada Propinsi Jabar No. 65/2014, Garut, 2014.

Satori, D., dan Komariah, A. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Penerbit Alfabeta. Bandung. 2009.

Setiawan dan Rahmat. Tinjauan Elementer Perbuatan Melawan Hukum. Alumni. Bandung. 1982.

Simajuntak, Emmy Pangaribuan. Hukum Pertanggungan dan Perkembangannya. Fakultas Hukum UGM. Yogyakarta. 1980.

Slevin and Basford. Teori dan Praktek Keperawatan. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Soekidjo Notoadmodjo. Etika dan Hukum Kesehatan. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta. 2010.

Stevens Paul. Pengantar Riset Pendekatan Ilmiah Untuk Profesi Kesehatan. EGC. Jakarta. 2008.

Subandi. Penuntutan Angkutan Laut. Karya Aksara. Jakarta. 1993.

Subekti, R Tjitirtosudibio. Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata. Pradnya Paramitha. Jakarta. 1992.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Cetakan Ke 6, Penerbit CV Alfabeta. Bandung. 2006.

Suharsimi Arikunto. Prosedur Penelitian : Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Edisi Revisi 2010. Cetakan Ke-14. Penerbit PT Rineka Cipta. Jakarta. 2010.

Templeman, and Greenarce. Marine Insurance Its Principle and Practices. Evan Ltd. London. 1998.

Theo Hujibers. Filsafat Hukum. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 1995.

Yahya Harahap. Hukum Acara Perdata. Jakarta. 1987.

Yudha Pandu, dkk. Undang-Undang Kesehatan dan Praktek Kedokteran. Indonesia Legal Center Publishing. Jakarta. 2010.

Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang No 38 Tahun 2014 tentang Keperawatan.

Undang-Undang No 36 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kesehatan.

Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata.
Internet
http://samanui.wordpress.com/2008/09/07/bayi-meninggal-diduga-akibat-kelalaian-perawat/diakses pada hari jumat tanggal 09 Mei 2014
Published
2016-12-28
How to Cite
Awaludin, A. (2016). Izin Praktek Keperawatan Mandiri Sebagai Pelaksana Fungsi Perawat Dalam Upaya Pelayanan Kesehatan Masyarakat Dihubungkan Dengan UU Kesehatan No. 36 Tahun 2009. Journal Medika Cendikia, 3(02), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.33482/medika.v3i02.50